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définition - Annunciation

annunciation (n.)

1.a formal public statement"the government made an announcement about changes in the drug war" "a declaration of independence"

Annunciation (n.)

1.(Christianity) the announcement to the Virgin Mary by the angel Gabriel of the incarnation of Christ

2.a festival commemorating the announcement of the Incarnation by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary; a quarter day in England, Wales, and Ireland

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Merriam Webster

AnnunciationAn*nun`ci*a"tion (?; 277), n. [L. annuntiatio: cf. F. annonciation.]
1. The act of announcing; announcement; proclamation; as, the annunciation of peace.

2. (Eccl.) (a) The announcement of the incarnation, made by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary. (b) The festival celebrated (March 25th) by the Church of England, of Rome, etc., in memory of the angel's announcement, on that day; Lady Day.

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définition (complément)

voir la définition de Wikipedia

synonymes - Annunciation

voir aussi

annunciation (n.)

annunciatory

locutions

-Annunciation (Botticelli, Glasgow) • Annunciation (Caravaggio) • Annunciation (Leonardo) • Annunciation (Lippi, Munich) • Annunciation (Lippi, Rome) • Annunciation (Pontormo) • Annunciation (Titian) • Annunciation (da Vinci) • Annunciation (disambiguation) • Annunciation (van Eyck, Washington) • Annunciation Cathedral • Annunciation Catholic Church in Kamuela • Annunciation Catholic Elementary School • Annunciation Day • Annunciation Greek Orthodox Cathedral (Houston) • Annunciation Greek Orthodox Cathedral of New England • Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church (Manhattan) • Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church (Milwaukee) • Annunciation Melkite Catholic Cathedral • Annunciation Orthodox School • Annunciation School (Buffalo, New York) • Annunciation of Our Most Holy Lady Church, Riga • Annunciation of Ustyug • Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary • Annunciation to Mary • Annunciation to the Shepherds • Annunciation with two Kneeling Donors (Lippi) • Basilica of the Annunciation • Cathedral of the Annunciation • Cestello Annunciation (Botticelli) • Church of the Annunciation • Church of the Annunciation (Nazareth) • Church of the Annunciation, Brighton • Church of the Annunciation, Cincinnati • Feast of the Annunciation • Franciscan Church of the Annunciation • Hellenic Orthodox Church of the Annunciation • Master of the Aix Annunciation • Monastery of Our Lady of the Annunciation of Clear Creek • Order of the Annunciation • Order of the Most Holy Annunciation • Our Lady of Annunciation Parish • Priory of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Little Walsingham • The Annunciation (film) • The Annunciation of Marie • Washington Annunciation

dictionnaire analogique





Annunciation (n.)



Wikipedia

Annunciation

                   
  Annunciation by Paolo de Matteis, 1712. The white lily in the angel's hand is symbolic of Mary's purity [1] in Marian art.[2]

The Annunciation (anglicised from the Latin Vulgate Luke 1:26-39 Annuntiatio nativitatis Christi), also referred to as the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary or Annunciation of the Lord, is the Christian celebration of the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking his Incarnation. Gabriel told Mary to name her son Jesus, meaning "Saviour". Many Christians observe this event with the Feast of the Annunciation on 25 March, nine full months before Christmas, the birthday of Jesus. According to Luke 1:26, the Annunciation occurred "in the sixth month" of Elizabeth's pregnancy with John the Baptist.[3]

Approximating the northern vernal equinox, the date of the Annunciation also marked the New Year in many places, including England, where it is called Lady Day. Both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches hold that the Annunciation took place at Nazareth, but differ as to the precise location. The Basilica of the Annunciation marks the site preferred by the former, while the Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation marks that preferred by the latter.

The Annunciation has been a key topic in Christian art in general, as well as in Marian art in the Catholic Church, particularly during the Middle Ages and Renaissance.

Contents

  The Annunciation in the Bible

Key articles on
Mariology
Fra Angelico 046.jpg

General perspective
Mother of Jesus

Specific views
AnglicanEastern OrthodoxLutheranMarian venerationMuslimProtestant
Roman Catholic

Prayers & devotions

Hymns to MaryHail MaryRosary

Ecumenical
Ecumenical views

In the Bible, the Annunciation is narrated in the book of Luke, Luke 1:26-38:

Luke 1:26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, 27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. 28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. 29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be. 30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesus. 32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. 34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? 35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. 36 And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren. 37 For with God nothing shall be impossible. 38 And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.

A separate annunciation, which is more brief but in the same vein as the one in Luke, is given to Joseph in Matthew 1:18-21:

Matthew 1:18 ¶ Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. 19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily. 20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. 21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name Jesus: for he shall save his people from their sins.

  Eastern traditions

  Gold saluto of Charles II of Naples, depicting the Annunciation on the reverse.

In Eastern Christianity Mary is referred to as Theotokos (Θεοτόκος="God-bearer"). The traditional Troparion (hymn for the day) of the Annunciation which goes back to Saint Athanasius of Alexandria is:[4]

Today is the beginning of our salvation,
And the revelation of the eternal mystery!
The Son of God becomes the Son of the Virgin
As Gabriel announces the coming of Grace.
Together with him let us cry to the Theotokos:
"Rejoice, O Full of Grace, the Lord is with you!"

The Feast of the Annunciation is one of the twelve Great Feasts of the church year. As the action initiating the Incarnation of Christ, Annunciation has such an important place in Eastern theology that the Festal Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom is always celebrated on March 25, regardless of what day it falls on—even if it falls on Pascha (Easter Sunday) itself, a coincidence which is called Kyriopascha. The only time the Divine Liturgy may be celebrated on Great and Holy Friday is if it falls on March 25. Due to this, the rubrics regarding the celebration of the feast are the most complicated of all in Eastern liturgics. The Annunciation is called Euangelismos (Evangelism) in Greek, literally meaning "spreading the Good News".

St. Ephraim the Syrian taught that the date of the conception of Jesus Christ fell on 10 Nisan on the Hebrew Calendar, the day in which the passover lamb was selected according to Exodus 12. Some years 10 Nisan falls on March 25, which is the traditional date for the Feast of the Annunciation and is an official holiday in Lebanon.

  Feast day

  Annunciation by Rubens, 1628

The feast of the Annunciation is usually held on March 25; it is moved in the Catholic Church, Anglican and Lutheran liturgical calendars when this date would fall during Holy Week or Easter Week or on a Sunday.[5] The Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy and Eastern Catholic Churches do not move the feast, having special combined liturgies for those years when the Annunciation coincides with another feast; in fact in these churches a Divine Liturgy is celebrated on Good Friday when it coincides with the Annunciation.

When the calendar system of Anno Domini was first introduced by Dionysius Exiguus in AD 525, he assigned the beginning of the new year to March 25 since, according to Catholic theology, the era of grace began with the Incarnation of Christ. The first certain mentions of the feast are in a canon, of the Council of Toledo (656), where it is described as celebrated throughout the church., and another of the Council of Constantinople "in Trullo" (692), forbidding the celebration of any festivals during Lent, excepting the Lord's Day (Sunday) and the Feast of the Annunciation. An earlier origin has been claimed for it on the ground that it is mentioned in various works of which the earliest surviving manuscripts are later and may have been added to.[5]

  The Annunciation in the Qur'an

The Annunciation is also described in the Qur'an, in Sura 3 (Al-i-Imran - The Family of Imran) verses 45-51 (archaic translation):

45Behold! the angels said: "O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah.

And Sura 19 (Maryam - Mary) verses 16-26 also refers to it. Muslim tradition holds that the Annunciation took place during the month of Ramadan.[6]

  Annunciation in Christian art

  Annunciation by Murillo, 1655

The Annunciation has been one of the most frequent subjects of Christian art.[7][8] It is has been a favorite artistic subject in both the Christian East and as Roman Catholic Marian art, particularly during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, and figures in the repertoire of almost all of the great masters. The figures of the virgin Mary and the angel Gabriel, being emblematic of purity and grace, were favorite subjects of Roman Catholic Marian art, where the scene is also used to represent the perpetual virginity of Mary via the announcement by the angel Gabriel that Mary would conceive a child to be born the Son of God.

Works on the subject have been created by artists such as Sandro Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Caravaggio, Duccio and Murillo among others. The mosaics of Pietro Cavallini in Santa Maria in Trastevere in Rome (1291), the frescos of Giotto in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua (1303), Domenico Ghirlandaio's fresco at the church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence (1486), and Donatello's gilded sculpture at the church of Santa Croce, Florence (1435) are famous examples.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ Purity is a wider concept than Virginity, which is comprised within it, but which relates to a physical aspect only of purity
  2. ^ Medieval art: a topical dictionary by Leslie Ross 1996 ISBN 0-313-29329-5 page 16
  3. ^ The Gospel according to Luke by Michael Patella 2005 ISBN 0-8146-2862-1 page 14 [1]
  4. ^ Speaking the Truth in Love: Theological and Spiritual Exhortations by John Chryssavgis, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomu 2010 ISBN 978-0-8232-3337-3 page 85
  5. ^ a b "Feast of the Annunciation". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01542a.htm. 
  6. ^ Quran 2:185
  7. ^ The Oxford Companion to Christian Art and Architecture by Peter Murray and Linda Murray 1996 ISBN 0198661657 page 23
  8. ^ Images of the Mother of God: by Maria Vassilaki 2005 ISBN 0754636038 pages 158-159

  External links


Gabriel announces to Mary that she will give birth to Jesus
Life of Jesus: Conception of Jesus
Preceded by
Gabriel announces John's
birth to Zechariah
   New Testament   
Events
Followed by
Mary visits Elizabeth



   
               

 

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