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définition - breakfast

breakfast (n.)

1.the first meal of the day (usually in the morning)

breakfast (v. intr.)

1.provide breakfast for

2.(British)eat an early morning meal"We breakfast at seven"

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Merriam Webster

BreakfastBreak"fast (�), n. [Break + fast.]
1. The first meal in the day, or that which is eaten at the first meal.

A sorry breakfast for my lord protector. Shak.

2. A meal after fasting, or food in general.

The wolves will get a breakfast by my death. Dryden.

BreakfastBreak"fast, v. i. [imp. & p. p. breakfasted; p. pr. & vb. n. Breakfasting.] To break one's fast in the morning; too eat the first meal in the day.

First, sir, I read, and then I breakfast. Prior.

BreakfastBreak"fast, v. t. To furnish with breakfast. Milton.

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définition (complément)

voir la définition de Wikipedia

synonymes - breakfast

breakfast (v. intr.) (British)

have breakfast

voir aussi

breakfast (n.)

b and b, bed and breakfast


-A Dog's Breakfast • ABC News Breakfast • Al's Breakfast • Alan's Psychedelic Breakfast • All Day Breakfast Show • American breakfast • Antonio's Breakfast • BBC Breakfast • Badger and Emma @ Breakfast • Banger for Breakfast • Bed and Breakfast (album) • Bed and breakfast • Before Breakfast • Big John @ Breakfast • Bread and breakfast • Breakfast (TV show) • Breakfast (TVNZ programme) • Breakfast (disambiguation) • Breakfast (music producer) • Breakfast Club (band) • Breakfast Creek • Breakfast Epiphanies • Breakfast Food Killer • Breakfast News • Breakfast Pie • Breakfast Point, New South Wales • Breakfast Serials • Breakfast Television • Breakfast Television (Citytv Toronto) • Breakfast Time • Breakfast at Dawn • Breakfast at Fatboys • Breakfast at Pappa's • Breakfast at Sweethearts • Breakfast at Tiffany's • Breakfast at Tiffany's (film) • Breakfast at Tiffany's (musical) • Breakfast at Tiffany's (novella) • Breakfast at Tiffany's (song) • Breakfast at Twilight • Breakfast cereal • Breakfast food • Breakfast foods • Breakfast for Two • Breakfast in America • Breakfast in America (song) • Breakfast in Bed • Breakfast in Bed (album) • Breakfast in Bed (disambiguation) • Breakfast in Heaven • Breakfast in Hollywood • Breakfast in the Field • Breakfast in the Ruins • Breakfast martini • Breakfast of Champions • Breakfast of Champions (film) • Breakfast on Pluto • Breakfast on Pluto (film) • Breakfast program • Breakfast roll • Breakfast sandwich • Breakfast sausage • Breakfast show • Breakfast television • Breakfast with Amy • Breakfast with Bear • Breakfast with Frost • Breakfast with Girls • Breakfast with Hunter • Breakfast with Les and Bess • Breakfast with Scot • Breakfast with the Arts • Breakfast with the Beatles • British breakfast • Business Breakfast • CP24 Breakfast • Capital Breakfast with Johnny Vaughan • Champagne breakfast • Channel M Breakfast • Chris Evans Breakfast Show • Continental breakfast • Copper Bell Bed and Breakfast • Deep Breakfast • Diamonds for Breakfast • Diamonds for Breakfast (film) • Don McNeill's Breakfast Club • Dressing for Breakfast • Eggo (breakfast cereal) • Elephant Breakfast • English Breakfast tea • Fate for Breakfast • Forever Since Breakfast • Fredd Bear's Breakfast-A-Go-Go • Free Breakfast Table • Free Breakfast for Children • Full English Breakfast • Full breakfast • General Mills monster-themed breakfast cereals • Ghosts Before Breakfast • Grits Sandwiches for Breakfast • Guess Who’s Coming To Breakfast? (Frasier episode) • Heart Breakfast with Wes and Ros • Honeycomb (breakfast cereal) • Irish Breakfast tea • Judy Sucks a Lemon for Breakfast • Jumbo Breakfast Roll • Kaboom (breakfast cereal) • Kfm Breakfast • Limestone Inn Bed and Breakfast • List of BBC Radio 2 Breakfast Show presenters • List of breakfast cereal advertising characters • List of breakfast cereals • Live from WDST – Acoustic Breakfast • Local Radio Breakfast • Love Before Breakfast • Midnight breakfast • Money for Breakfast • My Breakfast with Blassie • Nails for Breakfast, Tacks for Snacks • National Catholic Prayer Breakfast • National Prayer Breakfast • Nice Girls Don't Stay for Breakfast • North Melbourne Grand Final Breakfast • Pig's Breakfast • Pistols for Breakfast • Pops (breakfast cereal) • Radio 1 Breakfast Show presenters • Radio National Breakfast • Rooster's Breakfast • Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal • School Breakfast Program • Second breakfast • Sex and Breakfast • Slightly Not Stoned Enough to Eat Breakfast Yet Stoopid • Slightly Not Stoned Enough to Eat Breakfast Yet Stoopid (EP) • Spoon Breakfast EP • Sunday Breakfast Mission • Sunfish Holy Breakfast • Team Blitz Breakfast • The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table • The Bed and Breakfast Star • The Big Breakfast • The Big Breakfast (Canada) • The Breakfast • The Breakfast Club • The Breakfast Club (disambiguation) • The Breakfast Club (radio) • The Cat Who Came to Breakfast • The Hot Breakfast • The Ian Dempsey Breakfast Show • The Late, Late Breakfast Show • The Leadership Breakfast • The Unauthorized Breakfast Item • The breakfast monkey • Total (breakfast cereal) • Trix (breakfast cereal) • Victoria Wood's All Day Breakfast • Wedding breakfast • Whiskey Before Breakfast

dictionnaire analogique




Breakfast (literally meaning "breaking the fast" of the night) is the first meal taken after rising from a night's sleep, most often eaten in the early morning before undertaking the day's work.[1] Among English speakers, "breakfast" can be used to refer to this meal, or, less commonly, to refer to a meal composed of traditional breakfast foods (eggs, oatmeal, sausages, etc.) served at any time of day.

Breakfast foods vary widely from place to place, but often include a carbohydrate such as grains or cereals, fruit and/or vegetable, a protein food such as eggs, meat or fish, and a beverage such as tea, coffee or fruit juice. Coffee, tea, juice, breakfast cereals, pancakes, sausages, bacon, sweet breads, fresh fruit, vegetables, eggs, mushrooms, black pudding, baked beans, muffins, crumpets and toast with butter or margarine and/or jam or marmalade are common examples of breakfast foods, though a large range of preparations and ingredients are associated with breakfast globally.[2]

Nutritional experts have referred to breakfast as the most important meal of the day, citing studies that find that people who skip breakfast are disproportionately likely to have problems with concentration, metabolism, and weight.[3][4]



Breakfast in Africa varies greatly from region to region.[5]


Nigeria has over 250 different ethnic groups,[6] with a corresponding variety of cuisines. For the Hausa of northern Nigeria, a typical breakfast consists of kosai (cakes made from ground beans which are then fried) or funkaso (wheat flour soaked for a day then fried and served with sugar). Both of these cakes can be served with porridge and sugar known as koko. For the south western Yoruba people (Ilé Yorùbá) one of the most common breakfasts is (ounjẹ árọ) is Ògì— a porridge made from corn, usually served with evaporated milk. Ògì is eaten with Acarajé (akara) or Moi moi.[7] Both are made from ground bean paste; akara is fried in oil, and moi moi is wrapped in leaves or foil and then steamed. Ògì can also be steamed in leaves to harden it and eaten with akara or moi moi for breakfast. English tea or malta is served as a breakfast drink. Another popular option in southwest Nigeria is Gari, which is eaten like a cereal. Gari, known in Brazil as farofa, is made from the root of cassava. For breakfast, it is soaked in water and sweetened with sugar.[8]


Breakfast typically includes coffee, with dried milk and abundant sugar, accompanied by baguette[9] with various spreads: Chocoleca, a Nutella equivalent made from peanuts; butter; or processed mild cheese. Fresh fruit, including mangoes and bananas, is often also part of a simple breakfast.[citation needed]



  htamin jaw - leftover or cold rice fried with onions and boiled peas from a streethawker is quick and popular.

In Burma, the traditional breakfast in town and country alike is htamin jaw, fried rice with boiled peas (pè byouk), and yei nway jan (green tea) especially among the poor.[10]

Glutinous rice or kao hnyin is a popular alternative, steamed wrapped in banana leaf often with peas as kao hnyin baung served with a sprinkle of crushed and salted toasted sesame.[10] Equally popular is the purple variety known as nga cheik cooked the same way and called nga cheik paung. Si damin is sticky rice cooked with turmeric and onions in peanut oil and served with crushed and salted toasted sesame and crispfried onions. Assorted fritters such as baya jaw (urad dal) go with all of them.

Nan bya or naan (Indian-style flatbreads) again with pè byouk or simply buttered is served with Indian tea or coffee. It also goes very well with hseiksoup (mutton soup).[10]

Fried chapati, blistered like nan bya but crispy, with pè byouk and crispy fried onions is a popular alternative.[11]

Htat ta ya, lit. "a hundred layers", is flaky multilayered fried paratha served with either pè byouk or a sprinkle of sugar.[12]

Eeja gway (Chinese-style fried breadsticks or youtiao) with Indian tea or coffee is another favourite.[10]

Mohinga,[13] perhaps the most popular of all, now available as an "all-day breakfast" in many towns and cities, is rice vermicelli in fish broth kept on the boil with chickpea flour and/or crushed toasted rice, lemon grass, sliced banana stem, onions, garlic, ginger, pepper and fish paste and served with crispy fried onions, crushed dried chilli, coriander, fish sauce and lime. Add fritters such as split chickpea (pè jan jaw), urad dal (baya jaw) or gourd (bu jaw), boiled egg and fried fish cake (nga hpè jaw).

Another dish, growing in popularity because of its healthier composite and economic friendliness, is the Rakhine Mont-de, a variant of Mohinga, but lighter. It consists of thin rice noodles eaten with clear soup, made from boiled ngapi and lemon grass. Toasted fish flakes, from snakefish and green and red chili paste are also added, with seasoning. Rakhine Mont-de is also called ar-pu-shar-pu (literally "hot throat", "hot tongue") because of its heavy use of spicy ingredients. A salad version also exists. It is now available in many cities and towns across Burma.[citation needed]


  A complete traditional Japanese kaiseki breakfast at a ryokan in Kyoto.

Breakfast in modern Japanese households comes in two major variations, roughly Japanese style or Western style.[14] Japanese style breakfasts are eaten widely in Japan, but these days they're more confined to weekends and non-working days.[14] Modern Japanese households with younger couples prefer Western-style breakfasts because they are generally less time-consuming.[14]

The normative Japanese breakfast consists of steamed white rice, a bowl of miso soup, and Japanese styled pickles (like takuan or umeboshi ).[14][15] A raw egg and nori are often served.[14] Raw egg is to be beaten in a small bowl and to be poured on the hot rice,[14] to make golden colored tamago kake gohan. Nori, sheets of dried laver, is to wrap rice.[14] It includes often a slice of grilled fish.[14] We must not forget some Japanese tea (green tea).[15]

Western styled breakfasts in Japanese households are similar to those in the U.S. Japanese children often eat cornflakes and drink milk, hot chocolate or fruit juice. Japanese adults (especially younger ones) tend to have toast with butter or jam, eggs, and slices of vegetables. They often drink coffee or orange juice.[14]

Traditional Japanese inns (like ryokan)serve complete traditional breakfast.[14] Western styled hotels and restaurants in Japan generally offer a mix of Western and Japanese style.[14]



In the United Kingdom, the classic breakfast has been the "full English breakfast", which involves fried egg, scrambled egg or poached egg with bacon and sausages, usually with mushrooms, tomatoes, fried bread, black and/or white pudding, and toast, however in present times this is now eaten more often reserved for weekends, holidays, or eaten away from home in so-called 'greasy spoon' venues due to the time required to prepare all the ingredients. Toast with marmalade , jam (fruit conserves) or the savoury spread Marmite, or breakfast cereals with milk are now much more common daily breakfasts, with yoghurt and muesli also popular.[citation needed] Before the arrival of American-style breakfast cerals, dried bread soaked in hot milk or tea and porridge (boiled oats) was the common daily breakfast, while leftover vegetables (namely cabbage) and potatoes that hadn't been eaten the night before were often served re-fried; which became 'bubble-and-squeak'.[citation needed] Traditionally, breakfast would be served with a small amount of fruit, such as a slice of orange, believed to prevent the onset of scurvy.[16] Also traditional, but now less popular breakfasts included fish in the form of kippers (smoked herring) with poached egg and toast, and kedgeree, ( a smoked haddock, egg and rice dish originating in Colonial India). Most British breakfasts are consumed with tea (white - with milk), coffee or fruit juice.[citation needed]


A typical breakfast in Denmark consists of breakfast cereals or bread, bread rolls (rundstykker), cheeses, fruit preserves (marmelade, usually made from berries or citrus fruits) and other toppings, accompanied by skimmed milk, tea or coffee. Oat meal, cereals, youghurt and øllebrød, are also popular options. Weekends or festive occasions may call for Danish pastries (wienerbrød) or a bitters, such as Gammel Dansk.[17]


Home breakfasts in Greece include bread with butter, honey or marmalade with coffee or milk. Breakfast cereals are also eaten. Children also eat nutella type cream on bread. No breakfast at all is common.[18] Various kinds of savoury pastry (Tyropita, spanakopita, and bougatsa) are eaten for breakfast in some areas of Northern Greece, also by those eating out, usually accompanied with Greek coffee or Frappé coffee.[citation needed]

Traditional Greek breakfast (hot milk, fresh bread, butter and honey, or yoghurt) was also available in special "milk shops" (in Greek Galaktopoleia – Γαλακτοπωλεία γαλακτοπωλείο). Milk shops were phased out between 1970 and 1990 – there are very few left, one is in Athens[19] and some in small towns.

  Continental breakfast

A continental breakfast consists of slices of cheese and cold meat, often with a croissant or bread roll, and an accompaniment of coffee. Although this is the traditional breakfast of mainland Europe, these breakfasts are quite popular in the United Kingdom.[20] Continental breakfasts may feature other starchy foods, such as pastries.[21] This type of breakfast is often complimentary at hotels in North America.[citation needed]

  Latin America


  Cuban bread

Breakfast in urban areas traditionally consisted of café con leche that was sweetened and included a pinch of salt. Toasted buttered Cuban bread, cut into lengths, was dunked in the coffee. In rural Cuba, farmers ate roasted pork, beans and white rice, café con leche and cuajada sweetened with caramel.[22]



  Cornflakes with milk
  Porridge with milk
  Scrambled eggs and pre-made pastries
  An example of a country breakfast in U.S. This includes waffles with fruit and sausage patties.
  Toast with vegemite

Prior to the Second World War and the widespread adoption of household refrigerators, the traditional Australian breakfast consisted of grilled steaks and fried eggs, mainly because of the ready availability of beefsteak during that period. While very few Australians today would recall this breakfast format, the steak-and-eggs breakfast has survived as the customary pre-landing breakfast of the United States Marine Corps, due to the Marines having copied it from Australian soldiers when the two countries campaigned together during the Pacific War.[23][24]

The majority of urban Australians eat a cold commercially prepared cereal with pasteurised milk or yoghurt and/or toast with preserves such as marmalade or vegemite[25] for breakfast.[26] Two of the most common cereals are cornflakes and a type of biscuit made from wheat, called Weet-bix. Fruit is also common at breakfast, either on the cereal or eaten separately. This weekday morning meal is often eaten "on the run" which means either in the kitchen or while getting ready for the day's activities, and children often skip breakfast.[27] While not unusual, a cooked breakfast is more likely to be eaten in the weekends or on special occasions either at home or at a cafe.[28] A cooked breakfast is usually egg based, but may also include sausage, bacon, breakfast steaks, mushrooms, tomato, hash browns and pancakes, similar to the British cooked breakfast but perhaps more like the American. Breakfast habits differ more between age groups than between cities.[27] Black tea prepared with milk is a typical drink served with the Australian "brekkie" or freshly brewed coffee rather than instant as in the UK, but other beverages are common too, such as juice.[citation needed]

  New Zealand

Breakfast in New Zealand is very similar to the Australian breakfast, cornflakes or Weet-bix which is often served with added sugar and milk. The range of processed breakfast cereals is vast and children are more likely to eat those that contain added sugar.[29] New Zealanders, particularly in winter, are likely to eat a hot oat cereal called "porridge". Porridge is typically served with milk, brown sugar, fruit and/or yoghurt. Sliced bread which has been toasted and topped with preserves or spreads is a common alternative breakfast. Eating breakfast at a restaurant was unheard of until the 1990's, however cafes which serve breakfast until midday or all day are now common.[30] The Big Breakfast is the main item at cafes, which is similar to the British Cooked Breakfast, except that it seldom includes black pudding. Other common menu items are: eggs done how you like, eggs benedict, beans on toast, pancakes, cereal and yoghurt, and smoothies. Breakfast nearly always includes coffee, tea or both, with children drinking milk either on their cereal, in a glass or hot milo. Recent concern has been raised about the cost of milk and some families being unable to afford it.[31]

  United States and Canada

In the United States, 65% of coffee is drunk during breakfast hours.[32]


  See also


  1. ^ "breakfast - definition of breakfast by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia". Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  2. ^ "History of breakfast". Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "Why is breakfast the most important meal of the day?". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 3 June 2009. 
  4. ^ "Breakfast is 'most important meal'". BBC. 7 March 2003. Retrieved 3 June 2009. 
  5. ^ "Breakfast In Africa". Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  6. ^ "Africa :: Nigeria". 
  7. ^ Dosti, Rose (25 February 1988). "Nigerian Bean Cakes Make a Hearty Breakfast". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "Foods and Drinks". Motherland Nigeria. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "A taste of Senegal: exotic and tantalizing,..", Prepared Foods, May, 2008
  10. ^ a b c d Kong, Foong Ling; Ming Tsai, Chiong Liew (2002). The Food of Asia. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 24. ISBN 978-0-7946-0146-1. 
  11. ^ Lane, Jo (28 February 2012). "A taste of Yangon: 6 must-try Burmese dishes". Travel Wire Asia (Hybrid News Limited). Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  12. ^ Tin Cho Chaw (22 May 2009). "burmese paratha". Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  13. ^ Köllner, Helmut; Axel Bruns (1998). Myanmar (Burma). Hunter Publishing. pp. 215. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Michael Ashkenazi, Jeanne Jacob(2003), Food culture in Japan., pp.119–120 [1]
  15. ^ a b Nobuo Akiyama, Carol Akiyama(1999), Learn Japanese (Nihongo): the fast and fun way., p.123 [2]
  16. ^ Dr E. J. C. Kendall, (1955) Scurvy during some British polar expeditions, 1875–1917 Polar Record, 7 , pp 467-485
  17. ^ "Danish Food Culture: Breakfast". Retrieved 28 February 2009. [dead link]
  18. ^ Do we Greeks eat breakfast? Eleftherotypia newspaper
  19. ^ "Hidden milk shop in Athens(in Greek)" (in (Greek)). Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  20. ^ "Continental breakfast photograph". Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  21. ^ "Difference between Continental and English breakfast". 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  22. ^ Grupo 2: — Span201.002 – Patterson[dead link]
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Vegemite". Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  26. ^ Australia. Lonely Planet. 2004. p. 72. ISBN 1-74059-447-9. 
  27. ^ a b
  28. ^ "What Do Australians Eat? Discover Australia Favorite Foods". Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  29. ^
  30. ^ New Zealand. Lonely Planet. 2002. p. 79. ISBN 1-74059-196-8. 
  31. ^ "Fonterra takes fresh look at school milk - National - NZ Herald News". 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  32. ^ "Specialty Coffee Statistics". Retrieved March 25, 2012. 

  Further reading

Rampersaud GC, Pereira MA, Girard BL, Adams J, Metzl JD (May 2005). "Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents". J Am Diet Assoc 105 (5): 743–60; quiz 761–2. DOI:10.1016/j.jada.2005.02.007. PMID 15883552. 

  External links



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