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définition - rout

rout (v. trans.)

1.force to go away; used both with concrete and metaphoric meanings"Drive away potential burglars" "drive away bad thoughts" "dispel doubts" "The supermarket had to turn back many disappointed customers"

2.defeat disastrously

3.cause to flee"rout out the fighters from their caves"

4.make a groove in

5.dig with the snout"the pig was rooting for truffles"

rout (n.)

1.an overwhelming defeat

2.a disorderly crowd of people

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Merriam Webster

RoutRout (rout), v. i. [AS. hrūtan.] To roar; to bellow; to snort; to snore loudly. [Obs. or Scot.] Chaucer.

RoutRout, n. A bellowing; a shouting; noise; clamor; uproar; disturbance; tumult. Shak.

This new book the whole world makes such a rout about. Sterne.

“My child, it is not well,” I said,
“Among the graves to shout;
To laugh and play among the dead,
And make this noisy rout.”
Trench.

RoutRout, v. t. [A variant of root.] To scoop out with a gouge or other tool; to furrow.

To rout out (a) To turn up to view, as if by rooting; to discover; to find. (b) To turn out by force or compulsion; as, to rout people out of bed. [Colloq.]

RoutRout, v. i. To search or root in the ground, as a swine. Edwards.

RoutRout, n. [OF. route, LL. rupta, properly, a breaking, fr. L. ruptus, p. p. of rumpere to break. See Rupture, reave, and cf. Rote repetition of forms, Route. In some senses this word has been confused with rout a bellowing, an uproar.] [Formerly spelled also route.]
1. A troop; a throng; a company; an assembly; especially, a traveling company or throng. [Obs.] “A route of ratones [rats].” Piers Plowman. “A great solemn route.” Chaucer.

And ever he rode the hinderest of the route. Chaucer.

A rout of people there assembled were. Spenser.

2. A disorderly and tumultuous crowd; a mob; hence, the rabble; the herd of common people.

the endless routs of wretched thralls. Spenser.

The ringleader and head of all this rout. Shak.

Nor do I name of men the common rout. Milton.

3. The state of being disorganized and thrown into confusion; -- said especially of an army defeated, broken in pieces, and put to flight in disorder or panic; also, the act of defeating and breaking up an army; as, the rout of the enemy was complete.

thy army . . .
Dispersed in rout, betook them all to fly.
Daniel.

To these giad conquest, murderous rout to those. pope.

4. (Law) A disturbance of the peace by persons assembled together with intent to do a thing which, if executed, would make them rioters, and actually making a motion toward the executing thereof. Wharton.

5. A fashionable assembly, or large evening party. “At routs and dances.” Landor.

To put to rout, to defeat and throw into confusion; to overthrow and put to flight.

RoutRout, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Routed; p. pr. & vb. n. Routing.] To break the ranks of, as troops, and put them to flight in disorder; to put to rout.

That party . . . that charged the Scots, so totally routed and defeated their whole army, that they fied. Clarendon.

Syn. -- To defeat; discomfit; overpower; overthrow.

RoutRout, v. i. To assemble in a crowd, whether orderly or disorderly; to collect in company. [obs.] Bacon.

In all that land no Christian[s] durste route. Chaucer.

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définition (complément)

voir la définition de Wikipedia

synonymes - rout

voir aussi

locutions

dictionnaire analogique





rout (v. tr.)






Wikipedia

Rout

                   

A rout is commonly defined as a chaotic and disorderly retreat or withdrawal of troops from a battlefield, resulting in the victory of the opposing party, or following defeat, a collapse of discipline, or poor morale. A routed army often degenerates into a sense of "every man for himself" as the surviving combatants attempt to flee to safety. A disorganized rout often results in much higher casualties for the retreating force than an orderly withdrawal. On many occasions, more soldiers are killed in the rout than in the actual battle. Normally, though not always, routs either effectively end a battle, or provide the decisive victory the winner needs to gain the momentum with which to end a battle (or even campaign) in their favor. The opposite of a rout is a rally, in which a military unit that has been giving way and is on the verge of being routed suddenly gathers itself and turns back to the offensive.

Contents

  History

Historically, lightly equipped soldiers such as auxiliaries, light cavalry, partisans or militia were important when pursuing a fast-moving, defeated enemy force, and could often keep up the pursuit into the following day, causing the routed army heavy casualties or total dissolution. The slower moving heavy forces could then either seize objectives or pursue at leisure. However, with the advent of armoured warfare and blitzkrieg style operations, an enemy army could be kept more or less in a routed or disorganized state for days or weeks on end.

  Tactics

Routs may be feigned to entice an enemy into pursuing the "retreating" force, with the intent of causing the enemy to abandon a strong defensive position or leading the enemy into a prepared ambush. However this carries some risk; a feigned route can quickly turn into a real one. It is thought that Breton cavalry performed this maneuver at the Battle of Hastings.

  Other uses of the term

A rout is also a synonym for an overwhelming defeat as well as a verb meaning "to put to disorderly retreat" or "to defeat utterly", and is often used in sports to describe a blowout.

In law, a rout is a disturbance of the public peace by three or more persons acting together in a manner that suggests an intention to riot, although they do not actually carry out the intention.[citation needed]

Rout is personified as the eponymous deity in Homer's Iliad as the cowardly son of Ares.

  See also

  References

   
               

 

Toutes les traductions de rout


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